Build a Fireplace Outdoors
Here is a basic summary of how to build a fireplace outdoors. This
has got to be one of the best deck improvement ideas there is.
Now, if you live in a really warm climate 12 months
of the year, I can certainly understand that you may not benefit from an outdoor fireplace. :)
But if you're like most of us, there are many occasions when
the warmth and glow from a fireplace, built into your deck, would add immense pleasure to your backyard experience.
Here's an outdoor fireplace that I am going to describe how to build.
The building process will be broken down into a few steps.
- Installing Fireplace
- Gas Connection
- Masonry Work
Take some time to decide where you should build your fireplace. This
deck was built on a slope, about 3'-4' above ground.
The best location for the fireplace structure was along the side
of the deck. The structure was built by first digging four holes 3'
deep and pouring cement into 8" tubes to create a solid footing
and pier upon which the structure would rest.
A platform about 5' by 3' at the same level as the deck was supported by
4x4 posts that were anchored to the concrete piers. The 4x4 posts were braced
in a truss like fashion to stiffen the elevated platform.
The next phase of framing was to build the chimney style fireplace using 2x4
material. This created the shape of the structure - a gentle slope as shown
in this picture.
There were set minimum heights for the chimney flue and the setback distances
for the gas fireplace unit which fit into the structure. So be sure to read the requirements for your outdoor fireplace before you
The frame was then sheated with 5/8" fir plywood. These are very simple framing
and building techniques but be sure to pay attention to the openings
and safety features of the fireplace unit itself.
This was a wood burning outdoor fireplace but it used a natural gas powered
burner to quickly light the firewood. A super option to consider!
The appliance is made of stainless steel to handle the outdoors - an essential
feature if you intend to do this project.
A natural gas line had already been extended outdoors from the house to
feed the gas BBQ grill. So an extension was added and it runs underneath the
deck to the new location for the fireplace.
A solid timber mantel piece was installed to balance out the heavy appearance
of the cultured stone. A small mantel piece would have looked out of place.
Then, the entire frame was covered with 15 lbs. felt paper and wire lath
was nailed over top. A scratch coat of mortar was applied and given time to dry.
Now the fun began as each cultured stone was individually selected and
dry fitted into place to determine the best fit. Some stones had to be chipped
and broken to fit gaps. But it all came together perfectly.
After all the stones were in place and dry a final coat of mortar was placed into
each crack and brushed for a clean finished look. Just as much care went
into finishing the back of this outdoor fireplace as the front. The stone went right
to the ground.
Doesn't this look great?
Now get out there and build your own fireplace
outdoors so you and your friends and family can start to enjoy an extended deck season! :)